日本汽车分类方法简介,乘客渡轮订单

永利集团平台,日本是汽车生产大国,可它的分类比较简单。

Car passenger ferry order for AustalAustralia Austal Ships today
announced an unconditional contract for a 66 m high speed
vehicle-passenger catamaran for a “well-established ferry operator.”
This is the unnaamed customer first contract with Austal and brings the
total number of vessels under construction for the Austal group to 16.
Austal managing director,Bob McKinnon said, “We are particularly pleased
by this order as it is from a new customer and reinforces the fact that
Austal continues to provide cost effective, tailored solutions for
transportation requirements.” “The new vessel will be joining an
existing fleet of ferries and we anticipate that its success will lead
to more orders from this client in the future,” said mcKinnon. Due for
delivery in August 2003, the Auto Express 66 will operate at a speed of
approximately 31 knots and will have the capacity to carry 450
passengers and 69 cars or 110 lane meters of trucks plus 37 cars.
Principal particulars, Auto Express 66 Overall length: 66.2 m Waterline
length : 59.0 m Molded beam: 18.2 m Hull depth : 5.9 m Maximum hull
draft: 2.5 m Passengers: 450 Cars: 69 Heavy vehicles: 110 truck
lane-meters (plus 37 cars) Main engines: 2 x Paxman 18VP185 and 2 x
Paxman 12VP185 Gearboxes: 2 x Reintjes VLJ 2230 and 2 x Reintjes VLJ
1130 Waterjets: 2 x Kamewa 80SII and 2 x Kamewa 90SII Speed: 31 knots
Austal Ships notes it also has an 86 m vehicle-passenger catamaran ferry
available for delivery in June July 2003. Capable of loaded speeds in
excess of 42 knots, this vessel provides capacity for 774 passengers and
238 cars or 10 trucks and fewer cars. For some time now, Austal has
reported that the market for large ferries remains subdued. Commenting
on this, McKinnon said, “The overhang of Incat vessels and their urgent
need to sell these ships has made it impossible for us to win contracts
for two vessels.” In spite of the difficult market resulting from the
Incat situation, Austal says its core commercial vessel business
continues to provide satisfactory levels of profitability. In addition
to the 66 and 86 m vehicle ferries, Austal Ships is currently building
two 69 m cruise yachts for Tahiti. Austal, together with its partner
Defence Maritime Services, has recently submitted its final bid for the
Royal Australian Navy SEA 1444 Replacement Patrol Boat project. The
preferred tenderer for this project will be announced in the first half
of 2003. Austal USA, with the support of Austal Ships in Australia, is
also currently pursuing military projects involving large multihulls, as
well as having orders for three vessels for commercial operators.
Another four catamarans in the 40 metre range two for Norway and two for
Hong Kong are being built by Austal Image Marine unit. On the other side
of the coin, delivery of the 86 m vehicle-passenger catamaran currently
under construction for Canadian American Transportation Systems has been
delayed by some seven months as port facilities in Rochester, N.Y.,
where the vessel will operate from are not ready. And McKinnon confirmed
yesteray that the Austal subsidiary company Oceanfast built luxury motor
yacht Aussie Rules, built for golfer Greg Norman, had incurred
significant cost overruns. “There is no question that the effort and
investment required to gear up our resources and experience levels to
achieve the demands of this project have been considerable,” said
McKinnon. “The end result however, is an outstanding quality product
that will deliver opportunities associated with the profile of such a
vessel.We also believe that Aussie Rules will further establish
Oceanfast as a premier luxury yacht builder in what is a very large
world market.” The company is therefore forecasting a modest loss for
the first half of the 2003 financial year. It is anticipated that the
full year result will be a small profit substantially lower than
expectations.

Vehicle size classes in Japan are rather simple compared to other
regions. There are just three different classes defined by regulations:

Keijidosha (light cars): Buyers of Kei cars enjoy a number of tax,
registration and other benefits to encourage the purchase of these tiny
vehicles (among road vehicles requiring a license only the smart fortwo
and Russian Oka are smaller). Regulations have been updated a number of
times over the years to allow larger, more powerful cars to be developed
and maintain demand as buyers become more affluent but now define a
vehicle less than 3.4 m long, 1.48 m wide, 2 m high and with an engine
under 660 cc.

Small size vehicles, commonly called “5 number” vehicles in
reference to their license-plate prefix. Historically subject to
different design rules than “normal size” vehicles, this class is
defined as limited to vehicles less than 4.7 m long, 1.7 m wide, 2 m
high and with engines under 2000 cc. Vans, trucks and station wagons
(considered commercial vehicles in Japan) in the small size class
receive a “4 number” license prefix. Since the 1980s an increasing
number of Japanese vehicles have grown beyond the confines of the small
size class as most automakers now design vehicles primarily for export,
and most compact and even subcompact cars well under 4.7 m in length are
now too wide, or have engines too large.

Normal size vehicles, commonly called “3 number” in reference to
their license-plate prefix (trucks and buses over 2000 cc have license
plates numbers beginning with 1 and 2 respectively), are those more than
4.7 m long, 1.7 m wide, 2 m high or with engines larger than 2000 cc.
While in the past vehicles such as the original Honda Legend were
produced in both “small size” (just under 4.7 m long and 1.7 m wide) for
the domestic market, and longer and wider “normal size” versions,
primarily for export markets, it is now only passenger and commercial
vans which are produced with versions for both regulatory classes.

日本汽车分类比较简单,仅有三类,即轻型车、小型车、标准大小的车型等三类,以上文字简要地介绍了一些不同车型的参数与相关发展变革情况。

admin

网站地图xml地图